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Baja California is a Mexican peninsula, which separates the Pacific Ocean from the Sea of Cortez. The Sea of Cortez is one of the most fertile seas in the world. It is home to an immense variety of species ranging from tropical creatures in the south to cold water ones in the north. There are thousands of islands, pinnacles and rocks around which countless liveaboard dive sites are scattered. The most popular dive destinations of the Sea of Cortez are Cabo San Lucas, La Paz, San Carlos, Los Cabos, Cabo Pulmo and San Jose Del Cabo.
Among the numerous dive sites, which are suitable for divers of all levels, the most popular include: Los Islotes ( part of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve), known for its sea lion rookery and big fish; Salvatierra, a wreck that has been taken over by reef fish and large groupers; also Fang Ming, Neptune Finger, La Reina, The Point, and others.
Diving in Baja California is a year-round activity. The rainy monsoon season lasts from June to September, but precipitation is much higher on the northern Baja California than on its eastern and western coast. The high season for diving is from July to November due to better visibility and warmer water. The average air temperature stays between 20C/68F and 33C/91F. The average water temperature on the Pacific coast varies from 13C/55F to 19C/66F and in the Sea of Cortez between 19C/66F and 29C/84F. The average water visibility stays within 10-35m/32-114ft range. Currents generally vary from low to moderate.
What to see
The waters here are famous for their abundant marine life which includes over 900 species of reef fish. Schools of hammerhead sharks and encounters with manta rays, mobula rays and magnificent whale sharks (frequent from September to November) are headline diving attractions of this region. Also, the vast pods of dolphins, sea lions, sea turtles, pilot whales, killer whales, stingrays, colonies of silvery sardines, gold angel fish, as well as conchitos can be seen here. Reefs commonly feature amazing corals, colorful sponges, gorgonian sea fans and kelp.